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15 May '16

Qatar

Posted by Priyanka S in Islamic World

Qatar is a tiny peninsular that juts out of the eastern part of the greater Arabian Peninsular. To the west is Saudi Arabia, with which it shares a border, and to the south is United Arab Emirates. The country is mainly a barren desert with very little arable land and no forests or woodlands. It is constantly threatened by haze and sandstorms.

Qatar - Facts and Figures

  • Official name is the State of Qatar (Dawlat Qatar).
  • Qatar’s terrain is mostly flat and barren desert covered in loose sand and gravel.
  • Climate is typical desert weather; hot and humid in the summer.
  • Qatar has a 60-kilometer land boundary with Saudi Arabia and a smaller border with United Arab Emirates. Its coastline is 563 kilometers long.
  • Area: Its land occupies 11,437 sq km in total.
  • Once controlled by Bahrain, Qatar almost became part of the United Arab Emirates in 1971. However, both Qatar and Bahrain decided to form independent nations.
  • Population is around 890,000. Arabs constitute 40% of the population with other races being Pakistanis (18%), Indian (18%), Iranian (10%) and others (14%).
  • The official language is Arabic with English being a common second language.
  • Islam practiced by 95% of the population.
  • Capital city is Doha. Other cities include Al-Rayyan and As Salwa near the Saudi border.
  • Qatar’s major exports are liquefied natural gas, petroleum products, fertilizer and steel. Natural resources include petroleum, natural gas and fish.
  • The local currency is the Qatari riyal.
  • Agricultural products include fruits, vegetables, poultry, dairy products, beef and fish.
  • Major trading partners include Japan, South Korea, Singapore, India, France, United States, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Germany and United Kingdom.
  • Government is a constitutional monarchy.
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