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Debt and Debt Repayment in Islam – Rules and regulations for lending money and paying off debt supplications

Debt has its strict rules and regulations in Islam. For one, interest is completely forbidden. Additionally, while debt is discouraged, for cases where a person must borrow money, the debtor and lender must enter into a contract, the rules of which are clearly stipulated in the Quran. In cases where a debtor has made the mistake of taking debt on interest, all efforts should be sought to get rid of the interest. When not possible immediately, the debtor should seek all means to reduce payment of interest rates on repayment of debt, whether through debt consolidation or other means - until the debt is paid off completely. 

 

The verses in the Quran and sayings in the Ahadeeth are clear about entering into a debt contract and supplications for repayment of debt.

 

Allah says in Sura Al-Baqarah, in the verse on debt: (interpretation of the meaning): 

“O you who believe! When you contract a debt for a fixed period, write it down. Let a scribe write it down in justice between you. Let not the scribe refuse to write as Allah has taught him, so let him write. Let him (the debtor) who incurs the liability dictate, and he must fear Allah, his Lord, and diminish not anything of what he owes. But if the debtor is of poor understanding, or weak, or is unable to dictate for himself, then let his guardian dictate in justice. And get two witnesses out of your own men. And if there are not two men (available), then a man and two women, such as you agree for witnesses, so that if one of them (two women) errs, the other can remind her. And the witnesses should not refuse when they are called (for evidence). You should not become weary to write it (your contract), whether it be small or big, for its fixed term, that is more just with Allah; more solid as evidence, and more convenient to prevent doubts among yourselves, save when it is a present trade which you carry out on the spot among yourselves, then there is no sin on you if you do not write it down. But take witnesses whenever you make a commercial contract. Let neither scribe nor witness suffer any harm, but if you do (such harm), it would be wickedness in you. So be afraid of Allah; and Allah teaches you. And Allah is the All-Knower of each and everything.

... And if you are on a journey and cannot find a scribe, then let there be a pledge taken (mortgaging), then if one of you entrusts the other, let the one who is entrusted discharge his trust (faithfully), and let him be afraid of Allah, his Lord. And conceal not the evidence, for he who hides it, surely, his heart is sinful. And Allah is All-Knower of what you do” [Quran - Sura Al-Baqarah 2:282-283] 

Some of the rules therefore in lending money are as follows:

  1. The period of the loan must be specified
  2. Writing down the loan with details of repayment
  3. The debtor should dictate the details of the loan. In case of sickness or other emergencies, he or she can appoint a guardian.
  4. The lender can ask for a collateral in case the debtor defaults on the loan

 

More details can be found at islam-qa.com here

 

Debt Repayment - Asking Allah for Help

Al-Tirmidhi narrated from ‘Ali (may Allah be pleased with him) that a mukaatib (slave who had entered into a contract of manumission) came to him and said: “I am unable to pay off my manumission; help me.” He said: “Shall I not tell you some words which the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) taught me? And if you have debt like the mountain of Seer, Allaah will pay it off for you. He said: ‘Say: Allaahumma akfini bi halaalika ‘an haraamika wa aghnini bi fadlika ‘amman siwaaka (O Allaah, suffice me with what You have permitted so that that I have no need of that which You have forbidden, and make me independent of means by Your bounty so that I have no need of anyone besides You.” www.islam-qa.com (see question 13180 at islam-qa.com)

 

 

 

 
 

 

 

 

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